Make’s six principles of sustainability

As architects we have an ethical responsibility to design for the health of people and our planet. That’s why our approach to sustainable development considers the environmental, social and economic aspects of a scheme to be part of a single, interconnected solution.

Make’s six principles of sustainability – Carbon, Environment, Community, Wellbeing, Connectivity and Green economy – are guided from concept to completion by the RIBA 2030 Climate Challenge, the LETI Climate Emergency Design Guide, and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. We’re targeting net zero whole life carbon design by 2030, with a particular emphasis on embodied carbon, and measuring outcomes during construction and post-occupancy. Together with the client and design team, we can create a better, more sustainable future that delivers social value for all.



1 – Carbon

As leaders of the design process, Make advocates for all projects to target net zero carbon by 2030. We start with embodied carbon, examining any opportunities for reuse and retrofitting, and prioritising the use of recycled, low-carbon, long-lasting materials and low-carbon construction practices. We reduce operational carbon as much as possible to minimise the need for offsetting, and incorporate circular economy solutions to further curtail emissions and waste over a building’s lifespan. Low embodied carbon buildings designed for efficiency, performance and resilience lead the way to net zero.

2 – Environment

Make pursues designs that protect the environment from pollution, resource depletion, ecological harm and biodiversity loss. This begins with encouraging the selection and remediation of brownfield sites, where possible. We seek to create biodiverse green spaces that complement and enhance local ecosystems, and promote sustainable, diversified land use and productive landscaping. We think imaginatively about water use, from how all forms can be harvested and recycled on site, to how potable water may be conserved and storm water attenuated. Our designs also avoid toxic supply chain and construction practices that contribute to air, water or soil pollution.


3 – Community

Placemaking is central to our designs. We seek to create safe, healthy, attractive places where people feel they belong, and which express the local identity of the community. We look to optimise the mix of uses within a scheme to create dynamism and to encourage interaction between occupants and members of the public. High-quality, pedestrian public realm with links to social amenities is essential, as is undertaking wide engagement with the community and local stakeholders, which helps to create and maintain a robust physical and cultural environment.

4 – Wellbeing

At Make we design for the physical, mental and emotional wellbeing of the people using our schemes. Doing so involves an array of considerations that address fundamental human needs. We think about sensory experiences of daylight and darkness (for improved sleep), fresh air, views, thermal comfort, acoustics, and the smell and tactility of healthy materials. We encourage active circulation, outdoor access and places for exercise, as well as connections to nature, biodiversity and food production. It’s also important to create spaces for socialising and community-building.


5 – Connectivity

Our schemes prioritise active and low-carbon travel and high-quality digital connectivity. We aim to provide enjoyable pedestrian links to existing and future public transport and to local amenities. Thoughtfully designed public realm and great end-of-trip facilities encourage smart commuting. High-quality public realm also invites use by the local community and makes for a pleasant arrival at our buildings, which are designed to be inviting, accessible and easily used by all. We also promote providing infrastructure for electric vehicles and spaces for car-sharing. Robust digital connectivity allows for teleworking and videoconferencing, which reduces unnecessary travel.

6 – Green economy

Make creates designs that contribute to an inclusive green economy whose ultimate goal is to reduce environmental and ecological damage and improve human wellbeing and social equity. Designing green projects not only helps mitigate the climate crisis, but also creates new, green jobs to aid the global economic shift to low carbon. We look to design ‘long life, loose fit’ schemes with whole-life cost plans that incorporate embodied and in-use carbon, as well as overall running costs. These flexible, resilient developments retain their value long into the future and contribute to their local economies.


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